Hedging with Binary Options

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How to Hedge Stock Positions Using Binary Options

Binary option trading had been only available on lesser-known exchanges like Nadex and Cantor, and on a few overseas brokerage firms. However, recently, the New York Stock Exchange (NYSE) introduced binary options trading on its platform, which will help binary options become more popular. Owing to their fixed amount all-or-nothing payout, binary options are already very popular among traders. Compared to the tradition plain vanilla put-call options that have a variable payout, binary options have fixed amount payouts, which help traders be aware of the possible risk-return profile upfront.

The fixed amount payout structure with upfront information about maximum possible loss and maximum possible profit enables the binary options to be efficiently used for hedging. This article discusses how binary options can be used to hedge a long stock position and a short stock position.

Quick Primer To Binary Options

Going by the literal meaning of the word ‘binary,’ binary options provide only two possible payoffs: a fixed amount ($100) or nothing ($0). To purchase a binary option, an option buyer pays the option seller an amount called the option premium. Binary options have other standard parameters similar to a standard option: a strike price, an expiry date, and an underlying stock or index on which the binary option is defined.

Buying the binary option allows the buyer a chance to receive either $100 or nothing, depending on a condition being met. For exchange-traded binary options defined on stocks, the condition is linked to the settlement value of the underlying crossing over the strike price on the expiry date. For example, if the underlying asset settles above the strike price on the expiry date, the binary call option buyer gets $100 from the option seller, taking his net profit to ($100 – option premium paid). If the condition is not met, the option seller pays nothing and keeps the option premium as his profit.

Binary call options guarantee $100 to the buyer if the underlying settles above the strike price, while binary put option guarantees $100 to the buyer if the underlying settles below the strike price. In either case, the seller benefits if the condition is not met, as he gets to keep the option premium as his profit.

With binary options available on common stocks trading on exchanges like the NYSE, stock positions can be efficiently hedged to mitigate loss-making scenarios.

Hedge Long Stock Position Using Binary Options

Assume stock ABC, Inc. is trading at $35 per share and Ami purchases 300 shares totaling to $10,500. She sets the stop-loss limit to $30—meaning she is willing to take a maximum loss of $5 per share. The moment the stock price falls to $30, Ami will book her losses and get out of the trade. In essence, she is looking for assurance that:

  • Her maximum loss remains limited to $5 per share, or $5 * 300 shares = $1,500 in total.
  • Her pre-determined stop-loss level is $30.

Her long position in stock will incur losses when the stock price declines. A binary put option provides a $100 payout on declines. Marrying the two can provide the required hedge. A binary put option can be used to meet the hedging requirements of the above-mentioned long stock position.

Assume that a binary put option with a strike price of $35 is available for $0.25. How many such binary put options should Ami purchase to hedge her long stock position till $30? Here is a step-by-step calculation:

  • Level of protection required = maximum possible acceptable loss per share = $35 – $30 = $5.
  • Total dollar value of hedging = level of protection * number of shares = $5 * 300 = $1,500.
  • A standard binary option lot has a size of 100 contracts. One needs to purchase at least 100 binary option contracts. Since a binary put option is available at $0.25, total cost needed for buying one lot = $0.25 * 100 contracts = $25. This is also called the option premium amount.
  • Maximum profit available from binary put = maximum option payout – option premium = $100 – $25 = $75.
  • Number of binary put options required = total hedge required/maximum profit per contract = $1,500/$75 = 20.
  • Total cost for hedging = $0.25 * 20 * 100 = $500.

Here is the scenario analysis according to the different price levels of the underlying, at the time of expiry:

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Binary Options Trading Hedging Methods

In this article I am going to discuss and explain you some hedging methods that you can try with Binary Options contracts.First of all, I want to explain what is exactly hedging. Hedging is a way to reduce the risk of your trades. It can give an “insurance” to a trader and protect him from a negative movement of the market against him.Of course, it can’t stop the negative movement but a clever hedging can reduce the impact of the negative movement for the trader or it can even annihilate the impact of the negative movement for the trader.Hedging methods are applied every day to the market by the traders to give a “sure profit”. This profit is usually not very big but it’s steady with low risk.

A very popular hedging method in binary options trading is “the straddle”. This strategy is not easy because it’s difficult to find the righ setups. It’s a strategy about two contracts with different strike price to the same asset. Let’s see a screen shot.

This binary option chart is from GBPUSD currency pair. The general idea of this strategy is to create bounds for the same asset with two contracts. To create an ideal straddle you must find the higher level of a trading period and take a call and the lowest level of a trading period and take a put.That’s why this strategy is not easy, because is a difficult to predict the highest and the lowest level of a trading period. A good trading period for straddle is when the price is moving inside a symmetric channel like this. There is not much volatility to create unpredictable situations. So, look at the chart. We have a previous resistance and a previous support. When the price hit the resistance which the highest level for now we can take a put with 15 minutes expiry for example. After that the price is moving down and hit the previous support which is the lowest level for now. In this level we can take a call with the same expiry, 15 minutes.

Now let’s see the possible scenarios.

1 st scenario: The put contract expires after the reversal in the support and it’s in the money.Five minutes ago we took a put in the support which expires in the money,too. So, in the first scenario we have 2 ITM trades with a high reward.

2 nd scenario: In the second scenario our first put trade will be in the money but let’s assume that the support will not stop the price for our call like the next time that the price test the support in the chart. So, we have an ITM put and an OTM call. This means a very small loss for us.

So, if a trader will create a good straddle the possible scenarios are a high reward or a very small loss.

Some more binary options hedging strategies

These strategies are mainly for binary options trading in an exchange and are about hedging the same or different assets.

GBPUSD and USDCHF are two currency pairs which usually moving opposite to one another. Let’s see two screen shots.

This is from GBPUSD currency pair. You can see that at 12:25 the GBPUSD is moving up and about 50 minutes is still moving up.

Now, this USDCHF currency pair chart and you can see that the same time(12:25) the price is moving down and about 50 minutes is still moving down.

So, there are opportunities to trade this. I usually open 2 trades (one in GBPUSD and another one in USDCHF) in Spread Betting or Spot Forex with the same direction. You will win one of them for sure.For being profitable with this you should find the right time in which these two currency pairs give you a profit.For example in this chart we can open two sell orders.Even in first 10 minutes we will have profit because the downtrend in USDCHF is stronger than the uptrend in the beginning.

This is a trade I took which gave a 36$ sure profit. For doing this in Spot or in Spread Bets you must have a good margin in your account.

These two pairs EURUSD and GBPUSD are moving in the same direction. You can hedge them in a binary options exchange.Let’s see an example.For the example we will use 2 five minutes contacts in these 2 currency pairs.The contracts are opening for example at 10:00 and the expiry is at 10:05.We are buiyng a call contract for the one of them and a put contract for the other.The premioum for the both of them are 100$ because we are buying at the beginning before the price move.(50$ for EURUSD and 50$ for GBPUSD).After some minutes the market has moved to one direction up or down. One of our contracts will ITM and the other OTM. Now, for example at 10:03 we are closing the OTM contract with a small loss like 20$ the most of the time and there are 2 minutes left for the winning contact to expire. The contract will expire and we will earn 100-50=50$

50-20(our loss)=30$ sure profit if will not happen an unpredictable movement in the market like a big candle of 3 or 4 pips.

Binary Options Hedging Strategy

Using strategies in the dynamic world of Binary Options is a must. With so many different kinds of strategies out there, it becomes only a matter of personal choice when it comes to choosing the one to use in order to ensure great profits or limit fatal losses.

Some of the strategies are directed more towards the professional, experienced traders while others target the newbies, giving them a chance to put a simple method to a great use.

A good example of these newbie-oriented strategies is the Binary Options Hedging Strategy. It is one of the most popular ones in the binary options community; one with a range of everyday users relying on it; users who vary from inexperienced to advanced traders.

That leads us to the most important question to answer:

What exactly is the Binary Options Hedging Strategy?

Before putting it in a binary options-context, we must first look into the meaning of the hedging itself. In simple words, hedging means mitigating, controlling or limiting risks. A real-life hedging is, for instance, buying insurance for your house that will act as a hedge against weather disasters or thieves.

The similar concept applies in the options trading market, too. With the Binary Options Hedging Strategy, you are to execute both put and call options on the same asset, at the same time. This is mostly used in volatile markets, sensitive to the surrounding and easily affected by the accompanying events.

The idea is to cover both possible outcomes simultaneously in order to prevent losing all of the funds invested. This way or the other, upon expiring, there would be profit from one of the trades and you are guaranteed a moderate gain or, in the worst case scenario, as less a loss as possible. So, basically, in the binary world, the Binary Options Hedging Strategy is your insurance against bankruptcy.

So, where can this strategy be applied?

The number of ways in which this particular strategy can be used is almost unlimited: from commodities to currency; pretty much everything on the market can be hedged. In fact, currency as one of the most heavily traded assets, subjects to hedging on a day-to-day basis. Currency pairs such as EUR/USD fluctuate a lot which lays the ground for the perfect hedging scenario.

Whichever you choose to focus the Binary Options Hedging Strategy at, one thing remains crucial: market observation is a thing you cannot proceed without. Follow the news, keep in mind all the things that can affect the price of the asset you are trading, read the charts carefully, analyze the statistics and always, always make informed decisions only!

Ensuring profit with as little risk as possible is the ultimate goal for each trader and as we mentioned above, there are different methods and techniques in order to achieve that. Ranging from ones that are simple and easy to use to the more complex and difficult to comprehend, these techniques, combined with a thorough market analysis, can be a life-saver when it comes to trading binary options.

Still, not everything is rainbows and butterflies. That is why the most important piece of advice regarding these strategies is to approach them and use them with caution, using only the ones you are confident in! Remember, the best strategy is always the one you excel at!

DISCLAIMER: Futures, stocks and options trading involves substantial risk of loss and is not suitable for every investor. The valuation of futures, stocks and options may fluctuate, and, as a result, clients may lose more than their original investment. The impact of seasonal and geopolitical events is already factored into market prices. The highly leveraged nature of futures trading means that small market movements will have a great impact on your trading account and this can work against you, leading to large losses or can work for you, leading to large gains.

If the market moves against you, you may sustain a total loss greater than the amount you deposited into your account. You are responsible for all the risks and financial resources you use and for the chosen trading system. You should not engage in trading unless you fully understand the nature of the transactions you are entering into and the extent of your exposure to loss. If you do not fully understand these risks you must seek independent advice from your financial advisor.

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